Seeds are small, more or less of the same size and black in colour. The plant Nigella sativa can be grown from October to November and in the hills from April to end of May. India is an exporting country of black cumin.
The Kalonji, or Nigella seeds, is an interesting spice – when used for tempering, it adds a beautiful aroma to the dishes. Apart from this, the tiny black seed comes with a lot of health benefits and medicinal properties. It is loaded with vitamins, nigellone, amino acids, saponin, crude fibre, proteins and fatty acids like linolenic and oleic acids, volatile oils, alkaloids, iron, sodium, potassium and calcium. It keeps your heart healthy, cures breathing problem, lubricates your joints, and is also known to have anti-carcinogenic properties.
Kalonji has antioxidants that help to fight against harmful free radicals and prevent oxidative damage to cells. Antioxidants can have a powerful effect on health and disease. Several compounds found in kalonji, such as thymoquinone, carvacrol, t-anethole and 4-terpineol, are responsible for its potent antioxidant properties.
Kalonji has been shown to be effective at lowering cholesterol. Several studies found that supplementing with kalonji was associated with significant decreases in both total and “bad” LDL cholesterol, as well as blood triglycerides. It also found that kalonji oil had a greater effect than kalonji seed powder. However, only seed powder increased levels of “good” HDL cholesterol.1
Nigella seeds have anticancerous properties that can reduce oxidative damage and thus may help to prevent breast cancer. 2
Nigella sativa has been used as traditional medicine for centuries. The crude oil and thymoquinone extracted from its seeds and oil are effective against many diseases like cancer, cardiovascular complications, diabetes, asthma, kidney disease etc. It is effective against cancer in the blood system, lung, kidney, liver, prostate, breast, cervix, skin with much safety. 3
Can help to kill Bacteria
Nigella seeds extracts produce antimicrobial activity against staphylococcal Infections.4
Combat Rheumatoid Arthritis
Nigella sativa is a medicinal plant that has long been used in traditional medicine for treating various conditions. Numerous animal studies provided evidence that the seed may elicit a broad anti-inflammatory/ anti-oxidant activity. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of Nigella sativa oil helps to combat rheumatoid arthritis (RA).5
The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes is very high and is currently growing alarmingly. Studies have shown promising results on the effectiveness of Nigella seeds on glucose homeostasis and serum lipids. Current findings suggest that nigella seeds supplementation can be a suitable choice in managing the complications of Type 2 diabetes, although future researches are necessary. 6
Prevents Stomach Ulcers
Stomach ulcers are painful sores that form when stomach acids affect the layer of protective mucus that lines the stomach. Some research shows that kalonji could help preserve the lining of the stomach and prevent the formation of ulcers.
(Read more about –> Cardamom And It’s Amazing Health Benefits)