Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as Chinese date, ber, Chinese apple, jujube, Indian plum, Regi Pandu, Indian jujube, dunks (in Barbados) and masau. It is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae.
Jujube/ Ber fruits are loaded with nutrients, which has miraculous health and nutritional benefits.
Jujube fruits are rich in Vitamin C, A. It has potent antioxidant properties which can protect you from harmful free radical, preventing the oxidative damage. Free radicals are mainly responsible for chronic diseases. Vitamin C also initiate the production of WBC, which is regarded as the ‘First Line Of Defense’ of our immune system.
Prevents Bone Loss
Jujube fruits are good sources of calcium and phosphorous, magnesium, potassium, helps in maintaining bone mass density (BMD) and prevents bone loss. It has anti-inflammatory properties, which help to reduce pain and inflammation in osteoarthritis.
Good for Liver
Triterpenic acids in Jujube fruit has hepato-protective property. A study has shown that jujube fruit can cure hepatic injury and can reduce the oxidative stress in hepatic tissue. (1)
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It has been found that the fruit pulp can prevent diabetic neuropathy, a type of nerve damage that affects diabetic patients. This medical condition affects the nerves of the leg and feet causing intense pain.
Dietary fibre and fructose contents of the jujube fruit play a role in the regulation of blood sugar levels by slowing digestion. Pectin is a soluble fibre which binds to cholesterol in the gastrointestinal tract and slows glucose absorption by trapping carbohydrates. (Also read –> Bitter Melon For Diabetes)
A study has shown that jujube fruit extract can help to lower the blood sugar level in type 2 diabetes. (2)
Jujube fruit contains many bioactive compounds, including triterpenic acids, flavonoids, cerebrosides, phenolic acids, α-tocopherol, β-carotene, and polysaccharides. They have a potent anticarcinogenic and antiproliferative effect on cancer cells. One of the most important mechanisms of the anticancer properties of bioactive compounds is the modulation of the apoptotic process, in the prevention of cancer. (3)
It contains saponin, alkaloids and triterpenoids. These are helpful in cleansing the blood and flushing out all the harmful toxins from the body.
Improve Mental Health
Jujube fruits possess neuroprotective effects and also promote memory and learning. It imparts soothing effects on the body thereby relieving stress, anxiety and insomnia. It treats various neurological degenerative diseases. Studies also show that it has anti-depressant action and has positive effects on neurotransmitters and stress hormones. The jujube fruit contains flavonoid kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside which helps to protect nerve cells against oxidative stress.
Good for skin
Jujube fruits are loaded with antioxidants which can prevent from oxidative damage and help to protect your skin from U.V. damage, pollution etc. and delays the ageing process in your skin, reducing the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, age spots, blemishes. (also read –> Dietary Tips For Healthy And Glowing Skin)
Control Blood Pressure
They are a great source of potassium and low sodium, which help in vasodilation and maintaining blood pressure.
Jujube fruits are rich in betulinic acid, triterpenic acids, that has anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties, can help to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli that are responsible for many bacterial infections.
Promotes Weight Loss
Jujube fruits are low in calories but rich in fibres, which help to keep you fuller for a longer period, and can help you to shed that extra kilo, especially from the tummy area, by boosting your metabolic rate. (Also read –> Ways To Boost Your Metabolism For Effective Weight Loss)
Improves Digestive Health
It has a lot of fibre content that aids in preventing chronic constipation. Dietary fibre works as a good laxative that makes bowel movement easier.