Estrogen and progesterone are sex hormones, but the fluctuations in hormone levels are experienced by women at the time of menopause, which usually occurs between the ages of around 40 and 50.
Chickpeas don’t contain estrogen, but they are a rich source of phytoestrogens, which are plant compounds that can mimic the properties of estrogen. Phytoestrogens help to balance estrogen levels in the body. Phytoestrogens may offer some health benefits because they have antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Relieves hot flushes and other problems
Phytoestrogens in chickpeas, help to reduce the frequency of hot flushes in menopausal women, without serious side-effects. (1)
At menopause, vaginal dryness and irritation are very common. Even in this stage of life, women are more prone to urinary tract infection. Phytoestrogen may help to combat this situation.
Phytoestrogens in chickpeas may help to combat depression, anxiety, mood swings in menopausal women. (2)
Combat Heart Disease
A decline in the natural hormone estrogen may be a factor in heart disease. Changes in the body occur with menopause. Post-menopausal women are more prone to heart disease Blood pressure starts to go up. LDL cholesterol, or “bad” cholesterol, tends to increase while HDL, or “good” cholesterol declines. The soluble fibres in chickpeas help to lower the bad cholesterol level and raises good cholesterol. (Also read –> How much Sodium should you have in a day?)
Prevent Bone Loss
Menopause is associated with increased bone resorption and decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Supplementation with a phytoestrogen is believed to prevent bone loss and maintain a healthy bone structure during menopause. (3)
Relieve Joint Pain
Osteoarthritis is also linked with oestrogen deficiency. (4)Phytoestrogens may help to prevent osteoarthritis. It relieve joint pain and reduces inflammation as it has anti-inflammatory properties.
Lower Blood Sugar
Chickpeas are a great source of fibres. It helps to prevent constipation, keep you fuller for a longer period, keeps your gut healthy, and also it has low glycemic index helping in regulating insulin production and thus help in lowering blood sugar level. (Also read –> Fenugreek Seeds For Diabetes)
The antioxidant properties of chickpeas may help you to fight against the free radicals and reduce the incidences of oxidative stress in your body and also protect from ageing signs like – fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, blemishes. (Also read –> Dietary Tips For Healthy And Glowing Skin)
(Read more about –> Nutrition Tips For Menopausal Women)